Xiaofeng Jia and Hong Zhou*
Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4A (eIF4A) is a highly conserved DEAD-box RNA helicase in eukaryotes with ATPase and RNA helicase activities. eIF4A plays an important role in cap-dependent translation at the initiation of mRNA translation, and carcinoma signal transduction pathways are focused on cap-dependent translation. eIF4A is highly expressed in a variety of cancers, and its high expression is associated with the degree of leukemia progression. Therefore, eIF4A, as a target for tumor therapy, has become a hot research topic. Many small-molecule inhibitors targeting eIF4A have been demonstrated in preclinical cancer model trials. The purpose of this review is to describe the function of eIF4A and the development of eIF4A targeting inhibitors.
eIF4A, eIF4A inhibitors, leukemia, prognosis, therapeutic target
China Jiliang University, College of Life Sciences, Hangzhou, 310018, Department of Hematology, Affiliated Hangzhou First People’s Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, 310006