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A Review of Pedal Peptide/Orcokinin-type Neuropeptides

[ Vol. 22 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Pingyang Wang*, Qiuying Cui, Yuli Zhang, Xia Wang, Xuhua Huang, Xiaoxia Li, Qiaoling Zhao, Guisheng Lei, Biao Li and Wei Wei*   Pages 41 - 49 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Neuropeptides are endogenous active substances that play important roles in a number of physiological processes and are ubiquitous in the nervous tissue in vivo. The gene encoding pedal peptide/orcokinin-type (PP/OK-type) neuropeptide is an important member of the neuropeptide gene family and is ubiquitous in invertebrates of Bilateria; orcokinin (OK) is mainly found in Arthropoda, while pedal peptide (PP) is mainly found in Mollusca. OK and PP are also present in other animals. PP/OK-type neuropeptides are a kind of multifunctional neuropeptides predominantly expressed in the nervous tissue and play important roles in the nerve regulation of movement. Moreover, OK has a number of other physiological functions. This review describes the distribution, expression, function and maturation of PP/OK-type neuropeptides to facilitate investigations of new functions and receptors of PP/OK-type neuropeptides, providing the theoretical foundation for the potential use of PP/OK-type neuropeptides in the prevention and control of agricultural and forestry pests, as an additive for skin care products and in the screening of drugs for the treatment of diabetes.

Keywords:

Neuropeptide, pedal peptide, orcokinin, multi-function, neuroregulation, diabetes.

Affiliation:

Guangxi Central Laboratory of Sericultural Genetic Improvement and Technological Innovation, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Research Academy of Sericultural Science, Guangxi Nanning 530007, Guangxi Central Laboratory of Sericultural Genetic Improvement and Technological Innovation, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Research Academy of Sericultural Science, Guangxi Nanning 530007, Guangxi Central Laboratory of Sericultural Genetic Improvement and Technological Innovation, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Research Academy of Sericultural Science, Guangxi Nanning 530007, Guangxi Central Laboratory of Sericultural Genetic Improvement and Technological Innovation, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Research Academy of Sericultural Science, Guangxi Nanning 530007, Guangxi Central Laboratory of Sericultural Genetic Improvement and Technological Innovation, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Research Academy of Sericultural Science, Guangxi Nanning 530007, Guangxi Central Laboratory of Sericultural Genetic Improvement and Technological Innovation, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Research Academy of Sericultural Science, Guangxi Nanning 530007, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Sericultrual Biology and Biotechnology, School of Biotechnology, Jiangsu University of Science and Technology, Zhenjiang Jiangsu 212018, Guangxi Central Laboratory of Sericultural Genetic Improvement and Technological Innovation, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Research Academy of Sericultural Science, Guangxi Nanning 530007, Guangxi Central Laboratory of Sericultural Genetic Improvement and Technological Innovation, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Research Academy of Sericultural Science, Guangxi Nanning 530007, Guangxi Central Laboratory of Sericultural Genetic Improvement and Technological Innovation, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Research Academy of Sericultural Science, Guangxi Nanning 530007

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