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Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Help to Enhance Plant Growth and Alleviate Abiotic Stress: A Review

Author(s):

Mohammad Faizan, Fangyuan Yu*, Chen Chen, Ahmad Faraz and Shamsul Hayat   Pages 1 - 15 ( 15 )

Abstract:


Abiotic stresses arising from atmosphere change belie plant growth and yield, leading to food reduction. The cultivation of a large number of crops in the contaminated environment is a main concern of environmentalists in the present time. To get food safety, a highly developed nanotechnology is a useful tool for promoting food production and assuring sustainability. Nanotechnology helps to better production in agriculture by promoting the efficiency of inputs and reducing relevant losses. This review examines the research performed in the past to show how zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) are influencing the negative effects of abiotic stresses. Application of ZnO-NPs is one of the most effectual options for considerable enhancement of agricultural yield globally under stressful conditions. ZnO-NPs can transform the agricultural and food industry with the help of several innovative tools in reversing oxidative stress symptoms induced by abiotic stresses. In addition, the effect of ZnO-NPs on physiological, biochemical, and antioxidative activities in various plants have also been examined properly. This review summarizes the current understanding and the future possibilities of plant-ZnO-NPs research.

Keywords:

Agricultural yield, Antioxidative activities, Biochemical processes, Food industry, Nanotechnology, Oxidative stress

Affiliation:

Collaborative Innovation Center of Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, College of Forest Science, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, Collaborative Innovation Center of Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, College of Forest Science, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, Collaborative Innovation Center of Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, College of Forest Science, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, Plant Physiology Lab Department of Botany, Faculty of Life Sciences, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Plant Physiology Lab Department of Botany, Faculty of Life Sciences, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh



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