Yogita Jethmalani and Erin M. Green* Pages 1 - 9 ( 9 )
The post-translational modifications (PTM) of proteins are crucial for cells to survive under diverse environmental conditions and to respond to stimuli. PTMs are known to govern a broad array of cellular processes including signal transduction and chromatin regulation. The PTM lysine methylation has been extensively studied within the context of chromatin and the epigenetic regulation of the genome. However, it has also emerged as a critical regulator of non-histone proteins important for signal transduction pathways. While the number of known non-histone protein methylation events is increasing, the molecular functions of many of these modifications are not yet known. Proteomic studies of the model system Saccharomyces cerevisiae suggest lysine methylation may regulate a diversity of pathways including transcription, RNA processing, translation, and signal transduction cascades. However, there has still been relatively little investigation of lysine methylation as a broad cellular regulator beyond chromatin and transcription. Here, we outline our current state of understanding of non-histone protein methylation in yeast and propose ways in which the yeast system can be leveraged to develop a much more complete picture of molecular mechanisms through which lysine methylation regulates cellular functions.
Post-translational modification, methylation, yeast, signaling, transcription, translation.
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD