Elham Mohit, Maryam Tabarzad and Mohammad Ali Faramarzi* Pages 78 - 98 ( 21 )
The oxidation of a vast range of phenolic and non-phenolic substrates has been catalyzed by laccases. Given a wide range of substrates, laccases can be applied in different biotechnological applications. The present review was conducted to provide a broad context in pharmaceutical- and biomedical-related applications of laccases for academic and industrial researchers. First, an overview of biological roles of laccases was presented. Furthermore, laccase-mediated strategies for imparting antimicrobial and antioxidant properties to different surfaces were discussed. In this review, laccase-mediated mechanisms for endowing antimicrobial properties were divided into laccase-mediated bio-grafting of phenolic compounds on lignocellulosic fiber, chitosan and catheters, and laccase-catalyzed iodination. Accordingly, a special emphasis was placed on laccase-mediated functionalization for creating antimicrobials, particularly chitosan-based wound dressings. Additionally, oxidative bio-grafting and oxidative polymerization were described as the two main laccase-catalyzed reactions for imparting antioxidant properties. Recent laccase-related studies were also summarized regarding the synthesis of antibacterial and antiproliferative agents and the degradation of pharmaceuticals and personal care products.
Laccases, HIV-1, antimicrobial effect, antiproliferative effect, biografting, chitosan.
Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Protein Technology Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box 14155-6451, Tehran 1417614411