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Microbial Interactions in Plants: Perspectives and Applications of Proteomics

[ Vol. 18 , Issue. 9 ]

Author(s):

Jahangir Imam, Pratyoosh Shukla, Nimai Prasad Mandal and Mukund Variar   Pages 956 - 965 ( 10 )

Abstract:


The structure and function of proteins involved in plant-microbe interactions is investigated through large-scale proteomics technology in a complex biological sample. Since the whole genome sequences are now available for several plant species and microbes, proteomics study has become easier, accurate and huge amount of data can be generated and analyzed during plant-microbe interactions. Proteomics approaches are highly important and relevant in many studies and showed that only genomics approaches are not sufficient enough as much significant information are lost as the proteins and not the genes coding them are final product that is responsible for the observed phenotype. Novel approaches in proteomics are developing continuously enabling the study of the various aspects in arrangements and configuration of proteins and its functions. Its application is becoming more common and frequently used in plant-microbe interactions with the advancement in new technologies. They are more used for the portrayal of cell and extracellular destructiveness and pathogenicity variables delivered by pathogens. This distinguishes the protein level adjustments in host plants when infected with pathogens and advantageous partners. This review provides a brief overview of different proteomics technology which is currently available followed by their exploitation to study the plant-microbe interaction.

Keywords:

Pathogen associated molecular patterns, proteome, plant-microbe interaction, mass spectrometry, genomics.

Affiliation:

Biotechnology Laboratory, Central Rainfed Upland Rice Research Station (CRRI), Hazaribagh-825301, Jharkhand, Enzyme Technology and Protein Bioinformatics Laboratory Department of Microbiology, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak-124001, Haryana, Biotechnology Laboratory, Central Rainfed Upland Rice Research Station (CRRI), Hazaribagh-825301, Jharkhand, Biotechnology Laboratory, Central Rainfed Upland Rice Research Station (CRRI), Hazaribagh-825301, Jharkhand

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